Leeds Liverpool Canal at Wigan
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Wigan

 

Wiganis a town in Greater Manchester, England. It stands on the River Douglas, 7.9 miles (13 km) south-west of Bolton, 10 miles (16 km) north of Warrington and 16 miles (25.7 km) west-northwest of Manchester. Wigan is the largest settlement in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan and is its administrative centre. The town of Wigan had a total population of 81,203 in 2001, whilst the wider borough has a population of 305,600. Historically in the county of Lancashire, Wigan during classical antiquity was in the territory of the Brigantes, an ancient Celtic tribe that ruled much of northern England. The Brigantes were subjugated in the Roman conquest of Britain during the 1st century, and it is asserted that the Roman settlement of Coccium was established where Wigan lies. Wigan is believed to have been incorporated as a borough in 1246 following the issue of a charter by King Henry III of England. At the end of the Middle Ages it was one of four boroughs in Lancashire possessing Royal charters the others were Lancaster, Liverpool, and Preston.

leed liverpool canal at wigan

During the Industrial Revolution Wigan experienced dramatic economic expansion and a rapid rise in the population. Although porcelain manufacture and clock making had been major industries in the town, Wigan subsequently became known as a major mill town and coal mining district. The first coal mine was established at Wigan in 1450 and at its peak there were 1,000 pit shafts within 5 miles (8 km) of the town centre. Mining was so extensive that one town councillor remarked that "a coal mine in the backyard was not uncommon in Wigan". Coal mining ceased during the latter part of the 20th century.
Wigan Pier, a wharf on the Leeds and Liverpool Canal, was made famous by the writer George Orwell. In his book, The Road to Wigan Pier, Orwell highlighted the poor working and living conditions of the local inhabitants during the 1930s. Following the decline of industrial activities in the region, Wigan Pier's collection of warehouses and wharfs became a local heritage centre and cultural quarter. The DW Stadium is home to both Wigan Athletic Football Club and Wigan Warriors Rugby League Football Club, both teams being highly successful in their sports with the former being the current FA Cup holders and the latter being the most successful Rugby League side of all time.

Wigan Pier:
Wigan Pier is the name given today to the area around the canal at the bottom of the Wigan flight of locks on the Leeds and Liverpool Canal. It is a popular location for visitors and the local community in Wigan, Greater Manchester, England, situated just a few hundred yards south-west of the town centre. The name "Wigan Pier" has humorous connotations since it conjures an image of a seaside pleasure pier, whereas Wigan is in fact an inland and traditionally industrial town.

The original "pier" at Wigan was a coal loading staithe, probably a wooden jetty, where wagons from a nearby colliery were unloaded into waiting barges on the canal. The original wooden pier is believed to have been demolished in 1929, with the iron from the tippler (a mechanism for tipping coal into the barges) being sold as scrap.
The name Wigan Pier was possibly invented by and was brought to popular attention by George Formby, Sr. in the Music Halls of the early twentieth century and later by George Formby, Jr. who incorporated it into his songs. Someone looking out of an excursion train to Southport in the fog and seeing a coal gantry asked "Where are we?" and was told "Wigan Pier". The tippler became the favoured location when people subsequently wanted to see it. There are references to it in songs such as On the Wigan Boat Express.


Abram

Abram is a village and electoral ward within the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan it lies on flat land on the northeast bank of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal. The urbanisation of Abram came with the Industrial Revolution as it was situated in the centre of a coal district but in the 20th century the coal mining industry demised so now you will find that Abram is now a commuter town due to it being close to Leigh, Wigan, Warrington and Manchester, so the population of the town has continued to grow.


Ashton in Makerfield

Ashton-in-Makerfield is a town located in Greater Manchester and is a part of the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan. The place has been a centre for the manufacture of locks and hinges but it also sits on the Lancashire Coalfield so was its coal-mining district.

 

Aspull

Aspull is a village in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan it is surrounded by greenbelt and agricultural land seperated from Westhoughton on its southeast side. The ground raises from the south to north and reaches up to 400 feet and has views towards Winter Hills and the West Pennine Moors.

 

Astley

Astley is a settlement in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan it is equidistant from Wigan and Manchester City centre as there are both 8.3 miles away. Even with the demise of the cotton mills and coalmines the population has continued to grow as part of a commuter belt, and in 2011 had an population of 11,270.

 

Atherton

Atherton is a town within the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan.< ="" span=""> Atherton was associated with coal mining and nail manufacturing since the 14th century, however Atherton’s last deep coal mine closed in 1966 and the final cotton mills closed in 1999. In current day the town is the third largest retail centre in the borough with almost 20% of those employed in the area.

 

Bickershaw

Bickershaw is a village that is a suburb of Abram, within the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan. The Bickershaw Festival was held in 1972 and today the village is the location of HMP Hindley that is a juvenile prison and Young Offenders Institution that serves the Greater Manchester area.

 

Bryn

Bryn is a component ward of the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, it is part of a larger town in Ashton-in-Makerfield.

 

Golborne

Golbrone is a town within the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan the town owes the majority of its growth to the mining, textile industries and agriculture.

 

Haigh

Haigh is a village and civil parish of the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan. It is located next to the village of Aspull, the western boundary is the River Douglas which separates the township from Wigan.

 

Leigh

Leigh is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan and is situated on low-lying land to the north west of Chat Moss.

 

Lowton

Lowton is a suburban village within the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan Lowton’s history is closely connected with Bryom Manor, ancestral home of the Byroms that is a family which included peot John Byrom who invented of a system of shorthand.

 

Shevington

Shevington is a village and civil parish within the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan.

 

Standish

Standish is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, it is only a short distant between the towns of Chorley and Wigan but also not far from junction 27 on the M6 motoway.

 

Tyldesley

Tyldesley is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan. It is North of the Chat Moss near the foothills of the West Pennine Moors.



 







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