Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
RegionNorth West England
Ceremonial countyGreater Manchester
Founded1 April 1974
• TypeMetropolitan borough
• Governing bodyTrafford Metropolitan Borough Council
• MayorCllr. Jane Baugh
• MPs:Graham Brady (C)
Paul Goggins (L)
Kate Green (L)
• Total40.94 sq mi (106.04 km2)
Elevation100 ft (30 m)
Population (2011 est.)
• Total227,100 (Ranked 68th)
• Density5,170/sq mi (1,997/km2)
(2011 data)80.41% White British
2.25% White Irish
0.18% Gypsy or Irish Traveller
2.87% Other White
1.17% White and Black Caribbean
0.29% White and Black African
0.68% White and Asian
0.52% Other mixed
0.86% Other Asian
0.79% Black African
1.67% Black Caribbean
0.41% Other Black
0.41% Other ethnicity
Time zoneGreenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)
PostcodeM16, M17, M31, M32, M33, M41, WA13, WA14, WA15
Trafford is a metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester, England. With an estimated population of about 211,800 in 2006,it covers 41 square miles (106 km2) and includes the towns of Altrincham, Partington, Sale, Stretford, and Urmston. The borough was formed on 1 April 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972 as a merger of the municipal boroughs of Altrincham, Sale, and Stretford, the urban districts of Bowdon, Hale, and Urmston and part of Bucklow Rural District. All were previously in Cheshire, apart from Stretford and Urmston which were in Lancashire. The River Mersey flows through the borough, separating North Trafford from South Trafford. Historically the Mersey also acted as the boundary between the historic counties of Lancashire and Cheshire.
The Trafford area has a long heritage, with evidence of Neolithic, Bronze Age, and Roman activity. Amongst the relics of the past are two castles – one of them a Scheduled Ancient Monument – and over 200 listed buildings. The area underwent change in the late 19th century and the population rapidly expanded with the arrival of the railway.
Pictured large picture celebrating 100 years of Old Trafford wrapped outside the stadium.
Trafford is the home of Manchester United F.C. and Lancashire County Cricket Club and since 2002 the Imperial War Museum North.
Trafford has a strong economy with low levels of unemployment and contains both Trafford Park industrial estate and the Trafford Centre, a large out-of-town shopping centre. Apart from the City of Manchester, Trafford is the only borough in Greater Manchester to be above the national average for weekly income. Socially, the area includes both working class areas like Old Trafford and Stretford and middle class ones such as Bowdon and Hale. Altrincham and Sale West is one of the two parliamentary constituencies in Greater Manchester to be held by the Conservative Party, the other being Bury North.
Pictured LCCC construction problems with the stand.
Historically, the economy of the Trafford area has been dominated by agriculture. This continued to some extent even during the Industrial Revolution, as the textile industry in Trafford did not develop as quickly or to the same extent as it did in the rest of Greater Manchester. There are only two known 18th-century mill sites in Trafford, compared with 69 known in Tameside and 51 in Manchester. After reaching a high of 43% in 1812, employment in the textile industry in Trafford declined to 12% according to the 1851 census. The textile industry in Trafford could not compete with that in places such as Manchester, Oldham, and Ashton-under-Lyne, partly because of a reluctance to invest in industry on the part of the two main land owners in the area: the Stamfords and the de Traffords.
Trafford Park was founded in 1897, and at its peak in 1945 employed 75,000 people. As well as being the world's first planned industrial estate, it is Europe's largest business park. More than 1,400 companies are within the park, employing between 40,000 and 50,000 people.The Trafford Centre, which opened on 10 September 1998, is North West England's largest indoor shopping complex. The centre has over 30 million visitors annually, and contains 235 stores, 55 restaurants, and the largest Odeon cinema in the UK.
Trafford is a prosperous area, with an average weekly income of £394 (2013), and apart from Manchester it is the only borough in Greater Manchester to be above the national average for weekly income and is on average the highest in the county. Media, advertising and public relations have been identified as growth industries in Greater Manchester and are concentrated in Manchester and Trafford. Average house prices in Trafford are the highest out of all the metropolitan boroughs in Greater Manchester, 45% higher than the average for the county.
As of the 2001 UK census, Trafford had 151,445 residents aged 16 to 74. 2.5% of these people were students with jobs, 5.7% looking after home or family, 5.4% permanently sick or disabled and 2.8% economically inactive for other reasons. Trafford has a low rate of unemployment (2.7%) compared with Greater Manchester (3.6%) and England as a whole (3.3%).Trafford has the lowest number of unemployment benefit claimants compared to all the other boroughs in Greater Manchester (3.7%).
In 2001, of 99,146 residents of Trafford in employment, the industry of employment was 17.1% property and business services, 16.5% retail and wholesale, 12.3% manufacturing, 11.9% health and social work, 8.2% education, 8.0% transport and communications, 5.9% construction, 5.5% finance, 4.5% public administration and defence, 4.0% hotels and restaurants, 0.8% energy and water supply, 0.6% agriculture, and 4.6% other. This was roughly in line with national figures, except for the proportion of jobs in agriculture which is less than half the national average, reflecting Trafford's suburban nature and its proximity to the centre of Manchester.
A study commissioned by Experian rated Trafford as the strongest and most resilient borough in North West England to dealing with sudden changes in the economy. Trafford's low reliance on vulnerable businesses in the current recession and its high proportion of multinational companies were two factors which give the borough its high ranking.
Pictured Trafford Town Hall refurbishment 2013
Trafford Town Hall stands on a large site at the junction of Talbot Road and Warwick Road in Stretford, England, directly opposite the Old Trafford Cricket Ground. It was designed by architects Bradshaw Gass & Hope of Bolton on behalf of Stretford Municipal Borough, and built by the main contractor Edwin Marshall & Sons. Work began on 21 August 1931,funded by a government grant of £88,000 the building was officially opened as Stretford Town Hall on the granting of Stretford's charter on 16 September 1933.
The steel-framed building has two stories plus basement and attic floors, with a mansard roof. Set in landscaped grounds with a sunken garden, it is constructed of brick in Flemish bond with gritstone dressings. It originally consisted of a main front with a wing on each side, until a rear extension was added between the wings in 1983, enclosing an inner courtyard.
In 1974, on the formation of the Metropolitan Borough of Trafford, the new council adopted the town hall as its base, renaming it Trafford Town Hall. It was renovated in the early 1980s, in a schedule of work that included the addition of a 10,000-square-metre (110,000 sq ft) underground nuclear fall-out shelter the shelter was subsequently used for storage until its closure in 2011. Trafford Town Hall was designated a Grade II listed building in 2007.
In 2011 the 1983 extension was demolished, the 1933 original building was refurbished and new offices were added. The new buildings were opened in 2013.
Altringham is a market town in Trafford, nowadays it is an
affluent commuter town, mostly due to the transport link in the town.
Bowdon is a village in the Metropolitan Borough of Trafford.
Bowdon is mostly rural area and is made up of smaller villages including Dunham
Massey that is owned by the National Trust.
Broadheath is a suburb of Altringham, which is a market town
in Trafford. Broadheath was historically part of the county of Cheshire and has
a Warrington postcode.
Davyhulme is an area of Trafford, it is contiguous with the
town of Urmston.
Flixton is a village in the Metropolitan Borough of
Trafford, it lies six miles southwest of Manchester City Centre and lies within
the historic boundaries of Lancashire.
Partington is a town within the Metropolitan Borough of
Trafford, it lies on the southern bank of the Manchester Ship Canal. The town
was also historically part of Cheshire.
Sale is a town in Trafford, it lies on the south bank of the
River Mersey. According to a study in 2017 commissioned by the Royal Mail, Sale
was the 4th most desirable town to reside in England.
Stretford is a town in Trafford, it lies on flat ground
between the River Mersey and the Manchester ship canal with the Bridgewater
Canal bisecting the town.
Timperley is a suburban village near Altringham and in the
borough of Trafford. It was within the historic boundaries of Cheshire.
Urmston is a town in Trafford. The southern boundary is the
River Mersey, the arrival of the railway into the town acted as a catalyst to
turn the towns residence to mainly middle class.
Warburton is a village in the Metropolitan Borough of
Trafford. It historically was part of Cheshire. Altringham is the nearest town
and the majority of the village is rural, it also has 17 listed buildings.